Ethical Theories Table – Assignment Example

of Phoenix Material Ethical Systems Table Directions Fill in brief definitions of each primary ethical theory. 2. Identify alternate names or variations of each ethical system based on your reading of the text and supplemental materials.
Match the real-world examples listed below with the corresponding systems. The first one has been completed for you in the table.
a. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they like the taste of it.
b. I believe that if sand is going to be eaten, it should be available for everyone to eat.
c. I believe people should be able to eat sand because it is the right thing to do.
d. I believe people should be able to eat sand because it is good for one’s health.
e. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they decide they want to, regardless of whether it is someone else’s sand.
f. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they want to because they are free to make the decision themselves.
g. I believe I will eat sand because it is the standard meal for my community.
3. Develop your own workplace example that fits with each system. Present each workplace scenario in a substantial paragraph of approximately 40 words. Although the table field will expand to accommodate your workplace examples, you may list them at the end of the table; make a note in the table to see the attached examples, however, so your facilitator knows to look for scenarios below the table.
4. Format references according to APA standards and include them after the table.
Ethical Theory or System
Brief Definition
Other Names for Theory
Real-world Example
Workplace Example
Duty-based Ethics
Regardless of consequences, certain moral principles are binding, focusing on duty rather than results or moral obligation over what the individual would prefer to do (Treviño & Nelson, 2007, Ch. 4).
In ethics, deontological ethics, or deontology (Greek: deon meaning obligation or duty), is a theory holding that decisions should be made solely or primarily by considering ones duties and the rights of others. Some systems are based on biblical or tenets from sacred.
Deontology, pluralism, moral rights, rights-based
Categorical imperative
Golden rule
C
I believe people should be able to eat sand because it is the right thing to do.
It is my duty to follow through with instructions my boss gives me, even if I do not agree with the concept. It is my moral obligation to respect authority figures.
Consequence-based Ethics
Consequence-based ethics is “an ethical decision that maximizes benefits to society and minimizes harm” (Treviño & Nelson, 2007, Ch. 4).
Consequence-based ethics is where the focus revolves around the results of actions. The effects and results of human actions are the basis of this type of ethics. The good and bad effects of human actions need to be taken in to consideration before the action is done. Consequence-based ethics are ethics viewed through the results of actions. Right and wrong is determined through the result of human actions.
Utilitarianism
Consequentialist Theory (Treviño & Nelson, 2007, Ch. 4).
d
I show up to work on time. The consequences to my actions are personal and commercial. My consequences are I do not receive reprimands for being tardy. I also receive a full paycheck, if I show up on time. Harley Davidson’s consequences are having a productive employee show up on time. This helps promote Harley Davidson’s company goals.
Rights-based Ethics
Rights-based ethics are based on individual rights. Individual rights are the basic rights. The right to live is one example. The right not to be discriminated against. These basic rights are fundamental to humanity.
Contractarianism
Social Contract Theory
f
At work I am treated like all the other employees. Equality is a fundamental right. I receive the same pay as others that have been there as long as me and preformed with the same efficiency. Harley Davidson does not discriminate against employees based on race, gender¸ or sexual orientation.
Human Nature Ethics

Relativistic Ethics
Relativistic Ethics is based on the theory there is no right or wrong. Every human action depends on the group or culture’s ethics.
Cultural Relativism
Naïve Relativism
Sociological Relativism
e
Harley Davidson ships worldwide. If a Saudi Arabian Princess orders a Harley Davison, my company would have to permission from her husband. It is unlikely we would make the sale since it is illegal for women to drive in Saudi Arabia. Respecting local customs and laws are important to my company. Despite the equality of women and men in the USA, Saudi Arabia does not have the same relativism-based ethics. In order to do business with individuals in Saudi Arabia, our personal ethics need to be put aside for the customer’s ethics.

Entitlement-based Ethics
Entitlement-based Ethics are based the right an individual has to everything anyone else has. Entitlement is a human’s right to something whether they have earned it or not. If a human has a need under this ethical term they can take it from someone else. Entitlement-based Ethics gives everyone the right to provide for their own needs, despite the effect on others. This is a controversial ethical concept.
Egoism
b
Minimum wage is one of the practices at Harley Davidson that most companies follow. Everyone, whether they do a good job or not, receives at least minimum wage. Everyone is entitled to minimum wage. Health care is also based on entitlement. Those that make minimum wage to those who make considerable amount more pay the same for medical insurance.
Virtue-based Ethics
Virtue-based Ethics is based on morality, not consequences or laws. This type of ethics is individualism. An individual has the opportunity to be honest just because it is the morally right thing to do. Virtue-based Ethics do not depend on reward. The reward comes as the individual feels satisfaction for doing the right thing.
Virtue Ethics
a
I was working at my office when my coworker sold me some of her child’s fundraiser chocolate bunnies. They were six dollars for each bunny. I bought one bunny and paid with a ten dollar bill. My coworker gave me fourteen dollars. I could have kept the money, since it was her mistake. However I felt that was wrong, so I gave her back ten dollars. As she thanked me for my honesty. I felt good doing the right thing.
Reference
Treviño, L. K., & Nelson, K. A. (2007). Managing business ethics: Straight talk about how to do it right (4th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.