American Criminal Justice System – Assignment Example

The paper "American Criminal Justice System " is a wonderful example of a law assignment. There are serious deficits in the American criminal justice system with regards to the mentally ill. Too often their problems are not diagnosed ortreated. They are also often kept in the general population rather than in special wards where their problems can be better treated. Part of this stems from the high cost of treatment and the shortage of qualified doctors and nurses working in areas of mental health. Another important aspect of this problem arises from the fact that many states pass on the funding and control of programs for the mentally ill on to the federal government and its bureaucracies. Rather than dealing with local problems on a local basis, too many of these very specific problems have to be addressed by a faceless group of officials in a distant capital. This outsourcing has been very unsuccessful in helping improve the situation of the mentally ill with regards to the criminal justice system. It is widely known that arrest procedures differ between juveniles and adults in many respects. Missouri is an interesting example of this. In this state, children who are runaways or who are neglected by their parents often end up having their guests. Most of the results of these criminal cases, dealt with by juvenile courts, deal with the with custody of the juveniles. Will he or she be sent to live with a foster family or a relative? What conditions will be provided for their custody? Generally, juveniles are assumed to have different level of responsibility than adults, so courts are usually more lenient upon them.