1984 by Goerge Orwell – Essay Example

The paper "1984 by George Orwell " is an outstanding example of a literature essay. The word ‘dystopia’ has evolved from the Greek word ‘dys’, which means bad while the word ‘utopia’ means an ideal place. The term dystopia means a place in imagination where the condition of life is very bad and is engulfed with oppression, disease, and tyranny. The opposite of dystopia is utopia which is a description of an imaginary ideal land. The term first evolved in the book of Thomas More in the year 1516. Utopia is a state where the perfection in law, politics, and society is experienced. There are many works in literature where the theme of dystopia is very much intertwined with the plot of the novel. In these novels, the theme of dystopia is quite evident and poignant too. Some of the best novels with the theme of dystopia are ‘Lord of the Flies’ by William Golding (1954), ‘The Handmaid’s’ by Margaret Atwood (1985) and the ‘Neuromancer’ by William Gibson (1984). Among these novels, I am well versed with the most celebrated of the lot i.e. ‘Lord of the Flies’ by William Golding (1954). The incredible psychological effect that the book produces is unparallel. Apparently seeming a fiction for the children, the book is a vibrant document of society and its malpractices and power anarchy that makes it dysfunctional. The most essential element in the party system described in Orwell’s ‘1984’ is obviously military. A power game and that is the end of the road. Orwell tried to show that the fascist mode of social structure cannot be accepted as ideal and to maintain such a hierarchical party system, power pressure is the primary requirement. He observed that without building a vicious circle of the power mechanism, it is not at all feasible to run the pyramidal party system smoothly.