Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning – Essay Example
The paper "Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning" is a worthy example of a biology essay.
Artificial Cloning is a technological advancement that would largely change the world. This relatively new concept can potentially impact the fields of medicine, agriculture and human life. Cloning involves the manipulation of stem cells in order to regenerate new cells, organs or living beings. There are two categories of cloning, that is, therapeutic cloning and reproductive cloning. The two categories of cloning are relatively similar as both involve the use of stem cells. However, two cloning categories vary in terms of procedure and purpose.
Reproductive cloning involves the use of stem cells for the purpose of creating an organism that is identical to the parent organism (Cibelli et al 2013). The procedure involves the use of somatic nuclear cell, which is retrieved from a donor egg. The material is used to create a genetically identical animal, plant or human. In animal cloning, the manipulated cell is returned to the uterine environment for development. One of the most famous examples of this type of cloning is the creation of Dolly the sheep in 1997(Cibelli et al 2013). This type of cloning may be performed on plants, animals or human beings.
Therapeutic cloning involves the harvesting of stem cells from embryos for the purpose of regenerating a tissue, organ or cell. This type of cloning is used in the medical field for the production of tissue, muscle, and cells. Unlike reproductive cloning, therapeutic cloning is widely practiced in the medical field. Also, the embryo used to retrieve the nucleus, in therapeutic cloning, dies after removal.
There are a plethora of benefits attributed to artificial cloning. In the agricultural sector, cloning can be used to create animals and plants that produce high yields. In terms of wildlife, artificial cloning will enable us to revive endangered species or even extinct species, for example, dinosaurs. In medicine, cloning facilitates drug production and treatment.