Cold War Ideology and Policies – Essay Example
The paper "Cold War Ideology and Policies" is an outstanding example of an essay on history. The Allied forces, comprised of the United s, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, successfully defeated Nazi Germany ending the Second World War in 1945. After the successful defeat of the Nazi forces, two superpowers emerged, the United States and the Soviet Union. Each represented different ideologies, one communist and one capitalist, and an intense rivalry between the two different social systems continued for many years following the end of World War II. During this international conflict, known forever as the Cold War, these two ideological forces were locked in a bitter struggle for global domination. Although they were once Allies during the conflict with Nazi Germany, the United States and the Soviet Union became enemies in during the Cold War. The conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union continued until the collapse of the latter country in 1991. Accordingly, for nearly sixty years, the world economic system was characterized by ideological conflict and mutual distrust. The Western forces of capitalism and democracy were headed by the United States and NATO while the Eastern countries of communism and state authoritarianism were headed by the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact. A global balance of power between the two ideological systems emerged and the United States sought to contain communism and formed alliances to ensure that that communism would not spread around the world. Cuba was the only communist country in the Western hemisphere and the Cuban Missile Crisis was one of the most dramatic events of the twentieth century. American interventions in Korea as well as in Vietnam represented the desire of the United States to contain communism throughout the world.